RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm <p>RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary (RRIJM) is an international Double-blind peer-reviewed [refereed] open access online journal. Too often a journal’s decision to publish a paper is dominated by what the editor/s think is interesting and will gain greater readership-both of which are subjective judgments and lead to decisions which are frustrating and delay the publication of your work. RRIJM will rigorously peer-review your submissions and publish all papers that are judged to be technically sound. Judgments about the importance of any particular paper are then made after publication by the readership (who are the most qualified to determine what is of interest to them).</p> <p>Most conventional journals publish papers from tightly defined subject areas, making it more difficult for readers from other disciplines to read them. RRIJM has no such barriers, which helps your research reach the entire scientific community.</p> <ul> <li><strong>Title: </strong>RESEARCH REVIEW International Multidisciplinary Research Journal</li> <li>ISSN: <strong>2455-3085 (Online)</strong></li> <li>Crossref DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.31305/rrijm"><strong>10.31305/rrijm</strong></a></li> <li>Frequency of Publication: <strong>Monthly</strong> [12 issues per year]</li> <li>Languages: <strong>English/Hindi/Gujarat</strong> [Multiple Languages]</li> <li>Accessibility: <strong>Open Access</strong></li> <li><strong>Peer Review Process: </strong>Double Blind Peer Review Process</li> <li><strong>Subject: </strong>Multidisciplinary</li> <li><strong>Plagiarism Checker: </strong>Turnitin (License)</li> <li><strong>Publication Format: </strong>Online</li> <li><strong>Contact No.: </strong>+91- 99784 40833</li> <li><strong>Email: </strong>editor@rrjournals.com</li> <li><strong>Old Website: <a href="https://old.rrjournals.com/">https://old.rrjournals.com/</a></strong></li> <li><strong>New Website: <a href="https://rrjournals.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://rrjournals.com/ </a></strong></li> <li><strong>Address: </strong>15, Kalyan Nagar, Shahpur, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380001</li> </ul> <p><strong>Key Features of RRIJM</strong></p> <ul> <li>Journal was listed in <strong>UGC</strong> with <a href="https://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/5283580_UGC-Cancelled-List.pdf"><strong>Journal No. 44945 (Till 14-06-2019)</strong></a></li> <li>Journal Publishes online every month</li> <li>Online article submission</li> <li>Standard peer review process</li> </ul> RR Publication en-US RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary 2455-3085 <p>This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/"> Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).</a></p> Ambedkar's novel 'Navayan': Pedestal and Ideology (With reference to addressed speeches and published magazines) http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/344 <p>Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar has been a recognized Great Hero of the past century. He is neither a Shudra by birth nor a Brahmin by birth. He is a Brahmin and a Shudra on the basis of Karma. The philosophy and way of life in the form of liberty, equality and fraternity can be found only in Buddhism. Teachings and characteristics of Buddha and Dhamma: Individual centre, truth-exploration, self-promotion, humanism, the spiritual state of religion, and the highest state of conscience Ambedkar Praneet Navayana was the cornerstone of Humanity.</p> <p><strong>Abstract in Hindi Language:&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>विगत शताब्दी के मान्य महानायक रहे हैं डॉ भीमराव अम्बेडकर। डॉ अम्बेडकर का चिंतन-व्यवहार का आधार बिंदु मानवता ही है जो नस्ल, रंग, जाति, लिंग भेद से परे है जिसमें समता समाज ही उनके नवयान का आधार बनी। यह धारणः प्रत्येक व्यक्ति न जन्म से शूद्र होता है और न ही जन्म से ब्राह्मण। वह कर्म के आधार पर ही ब्राह्मण और शूद्र होता है। डॉ भीमराव का धर्मांतरण अन्धानुकरण नहीं था। उन्होंने बौद्ध धर्म की प्रज्ञा, करुणा, और समता आधारित दृष्टि को देखा और पाया कि स्वतंत्रता, समानता और बन्धुत्त्व रूपी जीवन दर्शन और जीवन पद्धति बौद्ध धर्म में ही पाई जा सकती है। बुद्ध और धम्म की शिक्षाएँ और विशेषताएँः व्यक्ति केंद्र, सत्यान्वेषण, आत्मोन्नति, मानवतावाद, धर्म की साधनावत स्थिति, विवेक की सर्वोच्च स्थिति ही अम्बेडकर प्रणीत नवयान की आधारशिला रही।</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>महानायक, मानवतावाद, अछूत, धर्मांतरण, समतामूलक समाज, व्यक्ति केंद्र, सत्यावेषण, आत्मोन्नति, विवेक की सर्वोच्च स्थिति</p> Manoj Kumar Pandya Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 01 05 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.001 Role of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Development (With special reference to rural market and advertising) http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/345 <p>Presently technology has set a new example of scientific, a technical knowledge, information exchange, management, a man-machine relations. Information technology has made the whole world a "Global Village" in the field of communication. The dimensions of information technology like e-commerce, e-market, e-signature etc. have opened the doors of development of villages. The impact of information and communication technology has started in various sectors of the economy. Computers have oriented towards new markets that have emerged from villages by providing opportunities for people to be together. Today, advertising has become an integral part of the economic system of the society, in which from backward villages to cities are also becoming centers, the role of information and technology in rural development has been manifested in the form of digital villages.</p> <p><strong>Abstract in Hindi Language:</strong></p> <p>वर्तमान में प्रौद्योगिकी ने वैज्ञानिक, तकनीकी ज्ञान, सूचना आदान दृप्रदान, प्रबंधन, मनुष्य-मशीन सम्बन्धों की नई मिसाल कायम की है। सूचना प्रोद्योगिकी ने संचार क्षेत्र में सम्पूर्ण संसार को समेत ‘‘ग्लोबल विलेज‘‘ बना दिया है। ई कॉमर्स, ई बाजार, ई सिग्नेचर आदि सूचना प्रोद्योगिकी के आयामों ने गांवों की तरक्की के द्वार खोले हैं। अर्थव्यवस्था के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में सूचना और संचार प्रोद्योगिकी के प्रभाव प्रारंभ हुए हैं। कंप्यूटर्स ने लोगों को साथ होने का अवसर प्रदान कर उन नए बाजारों की ओर उन्मुखता की है जिनका उदय गाँवो से है। विज्ञापन आज समाज के आर्थिक तंत्र का अभिन्न अंग बन गया है जिसमे पिछड़े हुए गाँव से लेकर शहर भी साथ ही केंद्र बनते जा रहे हैं ग्रामीण विकास में सूचना और प्रोद्योगिकी की भूमिका डिजिटल गाँव के रूप में प्रकट हुई है।</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>प्रोद्योगिकी, ग्लोबल विलेज, सेलुलर, भूमंडलीकरण</p> Alka Rastogi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 06 08 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.002 Sheikh Mansur: The Harbinger of 19th Century Chechen Resistance http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/348 <p>The freedom struggle of Caucasian people includes several instances of heroism and valor. Sheikh Mansur holds a unique position among these champions and his image is reverently recorded in the annals of history. He was an incredible organizer, an unrivaled general, and an unparalleled politician. He exuded intelligence, nobility and integrity. For his entire life, he was the torch bearer of liberty. With his fiery oratory, he inspired the highlanders to rise up in rebellion against their invaders. The present study highlights the role played by Sheikh Mansur in the resistance movement of Chechnya.</p> Saika Shafi G. N. Khaki Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 09 12 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.003 Mental Health Issues in COVID-19 http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/350 <p>The present paper discusses the mental health issues during the pandemic situation. It not only looms physical and mental health, global public health and social systems&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; are failing under corona virus spread. The paper tried to explain the impact of pandemic on children and adolescents, parents, impact on student’s life and front-line health workers and employees. Covid-19 is a transmissible (communicable) disease which was spread all over world and later becomes the international pandemic.</p> Kamini Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 13 16 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.004 Causes of Growing Child Labor in India http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/355 <p>Children are the country's new generations, and their proper development is the nation's prime focus. Youngsters all across the globe are involved in a wide range of work-related tasks. These vary from innocuous, even praiseworthy, hobbies to mentally damaging and deeply immoral persons. Forced labor is a difficult and sensitive topic.</p> <p>Millions of youngsters labour in appalling and unscrupulous situations that are plainly hazardous to their health. India is one of the leading nations in terms of the proportion of the workforce that is 'child abuse.' In recent years, A lot of attention has been paid to child labour from the Government, social scientists, voluntary organizations, etc. The Constitution of India also guarantees protection of the rights of children. Despite social consciousness and many prohibitions, the number of child labour is increasing.</p> <p>There are also many social factors of child labour such as inadequate family income, large families, poverty, illiteracy etc. Therefore, the issue of child labour needs to be looked into not only by the Legislature, the Executive and the Courts, but also to the social reformers, research and educational institutions of the NGO who look after the development and development of the nation. Child labour cannot end overnight because its roots are very deep. Laws should be strictly implemented to prevent child labour.</p> Savita Singh Pratima Shukla Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 17 22 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.005 Automatic Image Tagging Based on Text Analysis Using Natural Language Processing Techniques http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/358 <p>I have seen that in any newspaper there are many articles related to different things and the article consists of some text and one or more images which are related to the given text. Some of the images given in the article have caption (which depicts the image) and the other images do not have any caption. Hence if I download the image which has no caption then after download, I will not understand what the image specifically describes.</p> <p>To address this kind of situation it is necessary to give the image some caption which depicts about the situation of the image and the information about the image. After download the image if I give some relevant tag to the image then it will be helpful for all.</p> <p>In modern era images are taken and stored digitally. Also, the prices of the image capturing devices are decreasing. Hence people are taking more and more pictures but handling of pictures are necessary at this situation. Additionally, there is a huge uptick in the use of web-based image-sharing programmes or applications. One of the most widely used of these applications is Flickr, which was acquired by Yahoo and now stores over 4 billion images.</p> <p>Image tagging by hand takes time and is subjective. Nobody has time to tag their images. Additionally, because people differ and think in different ways, comparable images will be tagged in various ways by different people. Differences in language, emotion, vocabulary, education, culture, taste, etc. may be the root of this.</p> Alok Maity Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 23 28 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.006 An Impact of Macroeconomic Indicators on the Indian stock market http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/359 <p>This study examines the influence of macroeconomic variables on the performance of the Indian stock market from 1993–1994 to 2018–2019. The research objectives have been studied using a variety of Macroeconomic Indicators and Stock Market Indices (including GDP, Broad Money, Crude Oil Price, Current Deficit, and Foreign Exchange Reserve) and (respectively) Sensex and Nifty. The effect has been determined using multiple regression analysis. The findings indicate that both the foreign exchange reserve and the gross domestic product significantly affect the performance of the Indian stock market. NSE - Nifty responds favourably to increases in both GDP and foreign exchange reserves. So, increase in Gross Domestic Product and Foreign Exchange Reserve leads to increase in Nifty.</p> Savitakumari Nagar Chetana R. Marvadi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 29 34 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.007 The Impact of Self - Esteem on Life Satisfaction: A Study of College Students in Vietnam http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/362 <p>Mental health has become a hot topic of young people in modern life, especially since the growth of social media. However, the number of studies on this topic in Vietnam is still very limited. This study aimed to investigate the impact of self-esteem on life satisfaction - one dimension of mental health. Research data was collected through survey questionnaires from 301 university students in the North of Vietnam. Analysis by quantitative methods with the support of SPSS 26, including: reliability test (Cronbach's alpha), scale quality assessment (EFA), correlation regression (Pearson) and univariate regression. The results show that self-esteem has a positive impact on life satisfaction. From there, some implications for improving the life satisfaction index of Vietnamese students are given.</p> Thu Trang Dao Kieu Anh Ha Thi Bich Thuy Nguyen Quoc Huy Truong Vuong Hung Le Vu Ngoc Mai Dang Chi Mai Nguyen Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 35 44 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.008 The Roadmap of India’s Foreign Relations and U.S.A Geo-Politics Interests in the New World Order http://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijm/article/view/368 <p>Over the past two decades, India-USA relations have expanded in almost every conceivable dimension, though not as companions but as bilateral relations on parallel journeys. How should India’s emerging role in the international system and India’s growing contribution to the strength and stability of the global order be viewed? What are the issues and challenges that stand against India’s growing international role and what opportunities should it take advantage of as India continues to transform itself into an important global role? The strategic state of relations between India and the USA provides a useful look at these questions. Despite India’s undeniable regional and global importance to American interests, for several decades the USA was unwilling to consider key areas to further deepen bilateral and regional cooperation. The main reason for this was that India had nuclear weapons but in the early years after the year 2000, the USA began to see an active and constructive partnership with India as necessary to move forward on many issues. For example, America’s global war on terror was joined by India’s fight against its threat of organized terrorism. It gave both countries a practical platform for greater cooperation in intelligence, law enforcement and military relations. Cyber security cooperation between the two countries has steadily increased in recent years. Furthermore, the US has realized that it is necessary to increase cooperation with India to counter the growing China as China is already exercising significant economic and political influence at the regional level and beyond. India, on its part, recognized long ago that China’s main strategic goal was to replace the USA as the most important security force in Asia and above all to destroy the current international global order set by the USA to challenge. Along with this, India also knows that America’s strong regional and global position is important to bring under control of China’s strategic ambition. As in the October 2019 edition of Foreign Affairs Magazine, Robert D. Blackville and Ashley J. Tellis wrote: “As far as China is concerned, American and Indian national interests are parallel to each other. The USA sought to maintain stability in Asia through an arrangement based not on Chinese domination but on the security and autonomy of all countries in the region. India, because of its fear of Chinese supremacy, supported America’s approach to China.’</p> Ramesh Kumar Ankur Aryan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-12 2022-11-12 7 11 45 53 10.31305/rrijm.2022.v07.i11.009