Knowledge of Indian Music: A Study among the Students of Panjab University, Chandigarh

SL-RCTRM-2018 | Special Issue | OCT-2018 | Published Online: 20 October 2018    PDF ( 298 KB )
Jyoti Sharma 1

1Ph.D Research Scholar Panjab University, Chandigarh (India)


Indian music has a special appeal not only within the country but also throughout the world. The traditional pattern of Indian music has survived throughout the ages and entertained not only the common people in this country but lovers of music and art throughout the world. Although there are regional styles in Indian music yet the basic unity, i.e. of ragas and talas concept is uniformly prevalent. The music of India is one of the oldest unbroken musical traditions in the world. The origins of this system go back to the Vedas. Modern historical and cultural research has also given a good perspective on the field, showing that Indian music has developed within a very complex interaction between different peoples of different races and cultures. It appears that the ethnic diversity of present day India has been there from the earliest of times. The basis for Indian music is sangeet. Sangeet is a combination of three art forms: vocal music, instrumental music and dance. Although these three art forms were originally derived from the single field of stagecraft, today these three forms have differentiated into complex and highly refined individual art forms. The present system of Indian music is based upon two important pillars: raga (or rag) and tala (or tal). Raga is the melodic form while tala is the rhythmic. Raga may be roughly equated with the Western term “mode” or “scale”. There is a system of seven notes which are arranged in a means not unlike Western scales. However when a westerner looks closely he sees that it is quite different what he is familiar with. Tala (rhythmic forms) is also quite developed. Many common rhythmic patterns exist. They revolve around repeating patterns of beats. Tala is equivalent to the Western concept of rhythm. The interpretation of rag and tal is not the same all over India. Today there are two major traditions, or systems, of music. There is the North Indian, and the South Indian tradition. The North Indian tradition is known as Hindustani sangeet and the south Indian is called Carnatic sangeet. Both systems are fundamentally similar but differ in nomenclature and performance practice. Many musical instruments are peculiar to India. The most famous are the sitar and tabla.

music, raga, tala, sangeet
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