Present and Future Trends of Renewable Energy in India

NSSIHSNENRM-2019 | Special Issue | Jan-2019 | Published Online: 25 January 2019    PDF ( 243 KB )
Author(s)
Dr.L.Malleswara Rao 1; J Rama Mohan 2; Dr.APV Appa Rao 3; P Rama Krishna Rao 4; K. Ramnarayana 5; Ch. Sundar Singh 6

1Lecturers in Physics, Sri.Y.N. College, Narsapur (India)

2Lecturers in Physics, Sri.Y.N. College, Narsapur (India)

3Lecturers in Physics, Sri.Y.N. College, Narsapur (India)

4Lecturers in Physics, Sri.Y.N. College, Narsapur (India)

5Lecturer in Physics, ASNM Govt. Degree College, Palakol (India)

6Lecturer in Physics, DNR Degree College for Women, Palakol (India)

Abstract

In recent years, India’s energy consumption has been increasing at a relatively fast rate due to population growth and economic development. Rapid urbanization and improving standards of living for millions of Indian households, the demand is likely to grow significantly. There is an urgent need for transition from existing fossil fuel based energy systems to one based on renewable resources to decrease reliance on depleting reserves of fossil fuels with the objective to assess whether India can sustain its growth and its society with renewable resources. CurrentcentralizedenergyplanningofIndiaisdependentoncoalandfossilfuelsources.Themainconcernariseson how to protect the fossil fuel for our coming generation with simultaneously utilizing the different resources of energy for high and sustained economic growth. Pressure to increase its energy supplies and the consequent negative environmental impact of fossil fuels has led India to a conscious policy toward renewable sources. Thus, renewable energy including large scale hydro-power currently adds up to more than 33% of the total installed power capacity in India. India is one of the countries with the largest production of energy from renewable sources. In the electricity sector, renewable energy (excluding large hydro) accounted for 20% of the total installed power capacity (71.325 GW) as of 30 June 2018. Large hydro installed capacity was 45.29 GW as of 31 March 2018, contributing to 13% of the total power capacity. India was the first country in the world to set up a ministry of non-conventional energy resources, in the early 1980s. Solar Energy Corporation of India is responsible for the development of solar energy industry in India.

Keywords
Renewable Energy, Wind Energy, Geothermal Energy, Biomass, Solar Energy, Biofuel.
Statistics
Article View: 18