|SL-RCTRM-2018 | Special Issue | OCT-2018 | Published Online: 20 October 2018 PDF ( 148 KB )|
|Dr. Pritam Kaur 1|
1Associate Professor, Government College for Girls, Ludhiana (India)
Since ancient times, music is known as a strong medium to express the human emotions. Different types of sounds express different emotions and musical instruments were originated to create these different sounds. In Indian music reference to orchestra called Vadya-Vrinda is available in ancient literature. Existing primarily for religious and socio cultural purposes, Vadya-Vrinda accompanied different kinds of performing arts at that time. The genuine evidences regarding the existence of orchestra in India during ancient timesaccompanying dance and drama are found from the sculptures and bas-reliefs of different Buddhist stupas, railings and gates, monasteries and Hindu temples.One of the paintings of Ajanta caves (2nd-7th centuryAD ), depicted a theatre-stage and a green room with a dancing girl, accompanied by her attendants and female musicians. The performing arts such as Opera, Theatre, Dance-Drama etc have played a very important role in positioning Vadya-Vrinda as an essential accompanying art since ancient times.Geya-Natakas are the combinatioin of musical and literary forms.Music is the vital part of the play and it acts as a powerful commentary in several drama situations. One owes modern ballet in India to Pt. Uday Shankar. Many maestros like UstadAllaudin Khan, Timirbaran, VishnudasShirali, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Anand Shankar, Lalmani Mishra etchave contributed a lot in making vadya-vrinda more popular in the masses. Since thenexperimentations and fusion are going on in a big way which in turn are giving a new dimension to vadya-vrinda. Innovations have taken place in orchestral compositions . New combinations in Indian instruments as well as Indian and western are being tried. Many folk instruments are being revived and used according to the theme in these art formsand thus projecting this as an independent art-form.
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