Wind energy and Global Policy in India

NSSIHSNENRM-2019 | Special Issue | Jan-2019 | Published Online: 25 January 2019    PDF ( 214 KB )
Author(s)
B.LakshmanaRao 1; K.JyothiRaju 2; S.V.G.V.A.Prasad 3

1Government Degree & P.G. College, Movva-521135,A.P. (India)

2ResearchScholar,Krishna University, Machilipatnam-521001, A.P. (India)

3A.J.Kalasala, Machilipatnam-521001, A. P & Ideal College of Arts and Sciences(A),Kakinada-533004,A.P. (India)

Abstract

Energy policy plays a vital role to mitigate the impacts of global warming and crisis of energy availability. This paper explores the wind energy industry from the point of view of the wind energy policy. It is noticed that energy policy could help increasing wind power generation as well as stimulating the energy industry. It may be stated that without specific energy policy, a country would not be able to solve the acute problems like reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission, scarcity of energy, etc. Due to growing population, economic growth, and socioeconomic development, energy is the most essential need. Worldwide, about 86.4% of energy is produced by fossil fuels. Globally, India ranks fourth among the countries that produce wind energy. The last five years’ growth in wind energy in India is about 16%. This growing Indian wind energy market is compared with the world scenario along with the state of Maharashtra in India, which is at the second position in the country, backed up by a detailed database. As India plans to reach 175 Gigawatt (GW) of renewable energy by 2022, wind energy will be a major contributor, contributing 60 GW to this expansion plan. Estimates show that India’s wind potential is 302 GW and India Energy Security Scenarios 2047 show a possibility of achieving a high of 410 GW of wind.In 2016-17, India added a record 5.4 GW of wind power capacity, surpassing the target of 4 GW. India’s wind power installations accounted for a 6.6% share of the global market in 2016. Wind power capacity accounted for over 9.1% of total domestic installed capacity. India’s well-developed wind power industry has the capability and experience to help meet the country’s climate and energy security goals.Wind Energy It is one of the most environment friendly, clean and safe energy resources. The ten machines near Okha in the province of Gujarat were some of the first wind turbines installed in India. India has the 5th largest wind power installed capacity of 3595 MW in the world. The estimated potential of wind energy in India is about 45,000 MW.

Keywords
Wind energy, Wind power capacity, Wind potential Areas, Wind power Projects, India.
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