Assessment of Bankline Shifting and Erosion-Deposition dynamics of Kangsabati River in Downstream of Mukutmanipur Dam, Rarh Bengal


  • Dipendu Pal Junior Research Fellow, Department of Geography, Visva-Bharati (A Central University), Santiniketan, West Bengal, India, 731235
  • Manjari Bhattacharji Professor, Department of Geography, Visva-Bharati (A Central University), Santiniketan, West Bengal, India, 731235



Bank line Shift, Erosion-Deposition Dynamics, Kangsabati River, Mukutmanipur Dam, Rarh Bengal


Bank erosion and channel shifting is an inherent natural process of river dynamics. This paper attempts to investigate the changes in the nature and extent of bank line shift and erosion-deposition dynamics along both the banks of Kansabati river in downstream of Mukutmanipur dam during the period 1921-2018. The shift of bank lines and amount of erosion-deposition along both the banks have been measured, analysed and mapped using Districts maps, Topographical Sheets of Survey of India and various multi-temporal Landsat imageries using various GIS techniques and tools as well as field investigation. Entire stretch of channel under investigation has been divided into 3 reaches and 25 GIS transects have been taken into consideration to assess the bank line shift. The result of the study reveals the differential shifting pattern of both left bank and right bank of Kangsabati river during the entire observation periods. The maximum shift of 519.81m (51.98m/year) along left bank at cross section-12 and 329.65m (32.97m/year) along the right bank at cross section – 18 were noted from second phase of observation 1978-1988. During the entire time frame of 1921-2018, net eroded area of 6.55 sq. km. and net accreted area of 32.16 sq. km were measured along the left and right banks respectively. As the middle and lower reach of the study area are severely prone to riverbank erosion and channel shifting during the annual peak monsoon. So, such a study is very much necessary to understand the regime of regional river dynamics.


Bagchi K, Mukherjee KN (1983) Diagnostic Survey of Rarh Bengal (Part-II). University of Calcutta, Calcutta. PP 23-29

Baishya SJ, Sahariah D (2015) A study of bank erosion and bankline migration of the Baralia river, Assam, using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Current Research 7(11): 23373-23380.

Bandyopadhyay J, Bera K, Dubey K (2013) Changing course of Subarnarekha river and its societal impact-a case study of Gopiballavpur-i & ii block using geoinformatics. Indian Streams Research Journal 3 (4)

Banerjee K (1983) Geomorphology of the Kangsabati Basin. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Burdwan, West Bengal, India. 90p

Bhattacharya R, Chatterjee R, Dolui G (2016) Grain Size Characterization of Instream Sand Deposition in Controlled Environment in the River Kangsabati, West Bengal. Earth Syst. Environ 2: 1-14.

Carroll RWH, Warwick JJ, James AI, Miller JR (2004) Modeling erosion and over bank deposition during extreme flood conditions on the Carson River, Nevada. J Hydrol 297: 1-21.

Chaiwongsaen N, Nimnate P, Choowong M (2019) Morphological Changes of the Lower Ping and Chao Phraya Rivers, North and Central Thailand: Flood and Coastal Equilibrium Analyses. De Gruyter 11:152–171.

Chakraborty, Mukhopadhyay S (2014) An assessment on the nature of channel migration of River Diana of the sub Himalayan West Bengal using field and GIS techniques. Arab J Geo sci

Das AK, Sah RK, Hazarika N (2012) Bankline change and the facets of riverine hazards in the floodplain of Subansiri–Ranganadi Doab, Brahmaputra Valley, India. Nat Hazards 64:1015–1028.

Debnath, C. A. 2010. Changing course of kameng river in the lower reaches.

Ghosh B, Mukhopadhyay S (2021) Channel planform dynamics, avulsion and bankline migration: a study in the monsoon-dominated Dwarkeswar river, Eastern India. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 14:854.

Gope A (2012) The dreams and realities of Kangsabati command area, West Bengal. Geo-Analyst 2(2): 107-117

Government of West Bengal, (1985) West Bengal District Gazetteers: Puruliya.pp.19-22

Government of West Bengal, (2005) Annual Report of Kangsabati Command Area Development Authority (CADA, 2004 – 05). Bankura. pp.1-7

Mittal N, Bhave AG, Mishra A, Singh R (2015) Impact of Human Intervention and Climate Change on Natural Flow Regime. Water Resour Manage

Mittal N, Mishra A, Singh R, Bhave GA and Valk M (2014) Flow Regime Alteration Due to Anthropogenic and Climatic Changes in the Kangsabati River, India. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 14(1): 182-191

Mukherjee R, Bilas R, Biswas SS and Pal R (2016) Bank erosion and accretion dynamics explored by GIS techniques in lower Ramganga river, Western Uttar Pradesh, India. Spat. Inf. Res.

Ollero A (2010) Channel changes and floodplain management in meandering middle Ebro river, Spain. Geomorphology 117:247–260

Pan S (2013) Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in studying changing river course in Bankura district, West Bengal. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences 4(1): 149-163

Ray S (1985) Terrain Analysis of the Kangsabati Basin and its Impact on Land Use. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Calcutta, India. 410p

Sen P (1991) A Geo-Economic Study of the Kangsabati Basin with Reference to Water Resource Utilization and Agriculture. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Calcutta, India. 288p

Surian N (1999) Channel changes due to river regulation: the case of Piave river, Italy. Earth Surf Process Landf 24:1135–1151

Xu J (1997) Evolution of mid-channel bars in braided river and complex response to reservoir construction: an example from the middle Hanjiang River, china. Earth Surf Process Landf 22:953–965




How to Cite

Pal , D. ., & Bhattacharji, M. . (2022). Assessment of Bankline Shifting and Erosion-Deposition dynamics of Kangsabati River in Downstream of Mukutmanipur Dam, Rarh Bengal. RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary, 7(8), 36–48.