The effect of the quality of governance institutions on education inequality in Vietnam
Keywords:Educational inequality, GMM, Quality of governance institutions
The study examines the influence of governance institution quality on educational inequality in 63 provinces in Vietnam through the Vietnam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) and the Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey (VHLSS) within 5 years (2012, 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020). The article measures educational inequality using the Gini index through the average years of schooling as suggested by Thomas et al. (2001). Applying the generalized method of moments (GMM), the study shows that the quality of governance institutions has a negative effect on educational inequality. From there, the study proposes recommendations to enhance the quality of governance institutions and improve educational inequality in Vietnam.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).