Role of Local Authorities in Development of Primary Schools


  • Dineesh Baby M Research Scholar, Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641046
  • Dr. PD Subhash Associate Professor, PMD, NCERT, Sri Aurobindomarg, New Delhi-10016



Primary Education, Right to Education, Panchayati Raj institutions, School Management Committee


Education is considered as a basic human right in modern society as education makes people responsible citizens imbibed with knowledge, awareness and wisdom. This has been adhered by international organisations like the UN which declared the famous universal declaration of human rights in the year 1948 made education as a basic human right. Education has been given prime importance in India since independence. The 4th Chapter of the Constitution of India depicts the Directive Principles of State Policy include directions to the government on significant areas for the development of the nation. It is constitutionally mandated in India that governments shall provide compulsory and free of cost education to children up to the age of 14 years. It articulates the importance of education given by the makers of the Indian Constitution. The formal education process of an individual starts with primary education as it aims to develop the social, cognitive, cultural, emotional and physical skills of children and enable them to build their basic qualities for a prospective life. Right to Education Act 2010 made education a major responsibility of the local self-government institutions as India has adopted a strong local administrative system through the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts. This paper is an attempt to introduce the overall view of the role of local authorities in the development of Primary Schools.

Author Biographies

Dineesh Baby M, Research Scholar, Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641046

Dineesh Baby M received his Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Master of Arts in Politics from Calicut University, Kerala, India. He obtained his M.Ed. Degree from Kannur University, Kerala, India. He also received Master of Arts Degree in History from Madhurai Kamaraj University, Coimbatore Tamilnadu, India. And qualified NET from University Grants Commission India. He has a vast experience of 15 years in teaching and administration.

Dr. PD Subhash, Associate Professor, PMD, NCERT, Sri Aurobindomarg, New Delhi-10016

Dr. P.D. Subhash is working as Associate Professor in Education in Planning and Monitoring Division. Earlier, has worked as Lecturer in Education in Meppayur Salafi College of Teacher Education, Kozhikode, Kerala, Mar Severios Memorial Training College, Chengaroor, Mallappally, Kerala and School of Pedagogical Sciences, Kannur University, Kerala. He completed his Ph.D. in Education on the topic, Gender Differences in Free Play Preferences of Pre-school Children in Select Cultural Settings of Kerala from School of Pedagogical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala.

He published many articles and book chapters in the areas of early childhood education like quality dimensions of Early Childhood Care and Education, play preferences of Pre-school Children, socio-dramatic play, play and cognition, play and culture, play and early learning, child rights and legislation, etc. Also, He published articles on school management, No Detention Policy, emotional intelligence, social intelligence and value-oriented programmes like Awakened Citizen Program, Vasudev Kutumb and Vidya Vahini. He has presented papers in national and international seminars on early childhood play, especially socio- dramatic play. He contributed in the development of the training package, ‘Educational planning, management and evaluation’ for the training of the DIET faculty and conducting of training programmes in all the regions of India. He also contributed in the development of a framework and networking system for formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of educational programmes  in the North-Eastern States.

He coordinated various research projects of NCERT in the areas of functioning of DIETs, School Management, No Detention Policy and Global Citizenship Education, etc. He attended a ten-day training programme on Global Citizenship Education organised by APCEIU, UNESCO at Seoul, South Korea in 2019. Under the GCED projects of NCERT, He studied about various value-oriented programmes like Vasudev Kutumb of Uttarakhand, Awakened Citizen Programme in Kerala and Bihar, Vidya Vahini project in Sikkim and Students Police Cadet (SPC) programme of Kerala. During the last 12 years he is coordinating the work for the preparation of the Annual Report of NCERT. He is also an NRG member of the NISHTHA programme and coordinated the face-to- face training programmes conducted in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Odisha.


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How to Cite

Baby, D., & PD, S. (2023). Role of Local Authorities in Development of Primary Schools. RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary, 8(3), 106–113.