RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary 2023-09-26T09:23:05-04:00 Mr. P P Kumavat Open Journal Systems <p>RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary (RRIJM) is an international Double-blind peer-reviewed [refereed] open access online journal. Too often a journal’s decision to publish a paper is dominated by what the editor/s think is interesting and will gain greater readership-both of which are subjective judgments and lead to decisions which are frustrating and delay the publication of your work. RRIJM will rigorously peer-review your submissions and publish all papers that are judged to be technically sound. Judgments about the importance of any particular paper are then made after publication by the readership (who are the most qualified to determine what is of interest to them).</p> <p>Most conventional journals publish papers from tightly defined subject areas, making it more difficult for readers from other disciplines to read them. RRIJM has no such barriers, which helps your research reach the entire scientific community.</p> <ul> <li><strong>Title: </strong>RESEARCH REVIEW International Multidisciplinary Research Journal</li> <li>ISSN: <strong>2455-3085 (Online)</strong></li> <li><strong>Impact Factor: 6.849</strong></li> <li>Crossref DOI: <a href=""><strong>10.31305/rrijm</strong></a></li> <li>Frequency of Publication: <strong>Monthly</strong> [12 issues per year]</li> <li>Languages: <strong>English/Hindi/Gujarat</strong> [Multiple Languages]</li> <li>Accessibility: <strong>Open Access</strong></li> <li><strong>Peer Review Process: </strong>Double Blind Peer Review Process</li> <li><strong>Subject: </strong>Multidisciplinary</li> <li><strong>Plagiarism Checker: </strong>Turnitin (License)</li> <li><strong>Publication Format: </strong>Online</li> <li><strong>Contact No.: </strong>+91- 99784 40833</li> <li><strong>Email: </strong></li> <li><strong>Old Website: <a href=""></a></strong></li> <li><strong>New Website: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> </a></strong></li> <li><strong>Address: </strong>15, Kalyan Nagar, Shahpur, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380001</li> </ul> <p><strong>Key Features of RRIJM</strong></p> <ul> <li>Journal was listed in <strong>UGC</strong> with <a href=""><strong>Journal No. 44945 (Till 14-06-2019)</strong></a></li> <li>Journal Publishes online every month</li> <li>Online article submission</li> <li>Standard peer review process</li> </ul> An Investigation into the Practice of Human Naming 2023-09-15T11:42:42-04:00 Suresh Kumar P. M. <p>Every human being on earth is designated with a name. This eventually means that the crores of people comprising both men and women have their own names, and put together it is an endless number.&nbsp; With such a multitude of names, compiling a vast repository is rather impossible to conceive. Among the enormous variations, there are resemblances although very few are exactly the same in all respects. Although used as a practice to establish identity since time immemorial, one could see some emerging patterns that distinguish traditional names from modern names. What is most astonishing is that names have meanings. These meanings signify certain objects, characters, features, or symbolic representations of notions. This points to the need for an effort to bring out the basis of such vast nomenclature. Naming looks simple but it evolves out of a careful choice and complex process involving search, screening, selection and rejection, acceptance and approval, and finally decision on suitability. This happens slowly and silently. Name is assigned at the babyhood or early childhood. It becomes a person's lasting identity never to be erased by time. The thesaurus of nomenclature opens up a voracious glossary of names. It may be country-specific or region-specific, religion-specific or culture-specific. It has linkages with the educational and occupational class, ancestry and lineage, culture of the group, kinship, fashion, auspicious, or fantasy. Names that are universal transcend the boundaries of region and religion. This study is an attempt to examine the process of nomenclature as a universally accepted practice based on an extensive sample of over two thousand names spread over three generations from among the Hindu population of Kerala. The paper also aims to delineate various typologies by attempting a classification. Although the study was conducted among the Hindus in Kerala, the findings largely apply to the whole of the country.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Detecting Probable Earnings Manipulation in GSM Firms: A Case Study of Shekhawati Poly-Yarn Limited and W.S. Industries (India) Limited 2023-09-18T09:50:25-04:00 Yamunaben Parikh Kamini Shah <p>The Graded Surveillance Measure (GSM) aims to pinpoint companies having unusual price fluctuation in the market price of shares leading to the possibility of mischief or manipulations. Such raises the question that whether such companies have also cooked their books or not. <strong>Purpose:</strong> The case study attempts to detect probable manipulation in the financial reporting of two selected manufacturing firms (securities) under the GSM stages of NSE. <strong>Methodology:</strong>&nbsp; The study has been carried out using a case study approach by employing various financial statement fraud (FSF) detection models such as Beneish M-Score, Dechow F-Score, Piotriski F-Score and Montier C-Score using their financial reports from the year 2017 to 2021. <strong>Outcome:</strong> The results show that Shekhawati Poly-Yarn limited and WS Industries Limited have several probable earnings manipulations as per M-score while the Dechow F score indicates no false representation in the financial information. For financial health, both firms are struggling to maintain their financial health during the study period.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ethnicity and the Kurdish Questions in the Middle East 2023-09-20T08:42:57-04:00 Saddam Husain <p>The Kurdish question could be considered as an ethnic question in Middle East politics, which remains unsolved. As the largest stateless ethnic groups, most of its population exists in the four Middle East countries: Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey. In contemporary times, the polarisation along ethnic lines has become central to the Kurdish question in Middle East politics. Presently, most existing expertise on Kurdish politics gave the numbers aspect of the Kurdish national struggle in the Middle East. The historical exclusion and assimilation of Kurd ethnic identity by dominant ethnic identity and challenges faced by the Kurds, such as statelessness, marginalisation, and conflict, always look like the Ethnic matter of the Kurdish question in the Middle East. This research paper delves into the complex interplay between ethnicity and the Kurdish question in the Middle East. The paper begins by tracing the historical origins of the Kurdish people. It examines the evolution of the Kurdish question, analysing the socio-political and cultural factors that have shaped their struggle for self-determination.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Importance of agriculture in Indian economy 2023-09-22T11:52:35-04:00 Rakesh Doria <p>Agriculture has been the cornerstone of the Indian economy since ancient times. Agriculture is the fundamental structure of the Indian economy. Because agriculture is the main source of income for almost half of India's population. This is the reason why agriculture is considered the backbone of the Indian economy. Agriculture has an important contribution in the Indian economy, the basic reason for which is that about 60 percent of India's population is connected to the agriculture sector. Which contributes about 20 percent to India's GDP. At present, the Government of India is running many programs to increase agricultural production. Whose main objective includes improvement in agricultural sector like increase in agricultural production, financial help to farmers, use of technology in agriculture, scientific applications in agriculture, etc.</p> <p><strong>Abstract in Hindi Language:</strong></p> <p>प्राचीन काल से ही कृषि भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था की आधारषिला रही है। कृषि भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था का बुनिवादी ढांचा है। क्योंकि भारत के लगभग आधी जनसंख्या के आय का मुख्य स्रोत कृषि है। यही कारण है कि कृषि को भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था का रीढ़ भी कहाँ जाता है। भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था में कृषि का महत्वपूर्ण योगदान है, जिसका मूलभूत कारण यह है की भारत लगभग 60 प्रतिषत जनसंख्या कृषि क्षेत्र से जुड़ी हुई है। जो कि भारत की जीडीपी में लगभग 20 प्रतिषत का योगदान करती है। वर्तमान समय में भारत सरकार कृषि उत्पादन में वृद्धि के लिए अनेको कार्यक्रम चला रही हैं। जिसका मुख्य उद्देष्य कृषि क्षेत्र में सुधार जैसे - कृषि उत्पादन में वृद्धि, किसानों को आर्थिक मदद, कृषि में टेक्नोलोजी का प्रयोग, कृषि में वैज्ञानिक अनुप्रयोग, आदि शामिल है।</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> अर्थव्यवस्था, सकल घरेलु उत्पाद, कृषि, जनसंख्या</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Professional Misconduct & Feeble Underpinning of Government Departments in India 2023-09-23T23:30:28-04:00 Hiranmaya Nanda <p>This work tries to explore how government agencies' shoddy foundations contribute to professional misconduct. Because it is the only profession in which the general public either benefits from or suffers because of an employee's actions, working for the government is regarded as one of the most prestigious jobs in any nation. The government department is seen as a crucial component of the nation's administrative structure since the entire department is tasked with carrying out the policies and programs designed to serve the needs of the general populace. Therefore, it is only normal to have expectations that these agencies would function properly and that public officials won't misuse the authority granted to them by behaving in an ethical, sensible, and appropriate manner. Having a government department that runs smoothly is a fantasy, though, since every department has a weak base that encourages employee malfeasance that in turn leads to harassment of the general public. The word "professional misconduct" in connection to a government agency has a broad definition and refers to a variety of behaviors, including inappropriate conduct, unethical behavior, public harassment caused by excessive delays, the use of illegal tactics, etc.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Comparative analysis of Ram-Rajya and Gandhiji's concept of Ram-Rajya as a concept of ideal state in Indian thought 2023-09-23T23:36:47-04:00 Shyam Mohan Mishra <p>The concept of Ram Rajya has always been presented as an ideal state in Indian political thinking. Ram Rajya is such a system in which not only individuals but all living beings, whether movable or immovable or the entire creation, get a life of happiness and peace. Ramrajya as an ideal state has been accepted in the Indian tradition as a better ideal than Plato's ideal political system. It is not without reason that Mahatma Gandhi also calls his Swaraj as Ram Rajya and explains the nature of Ram Rajya. Regarding the nature of Ram Rajya, it is believed in the Indian public mind, especially in the Hindu public mind and to some extent even in the Muslim public mind, that Ram Rajya is a state of justice. Ram Rajya is not related to the theocratic state as is the form of theocratic state in Islamic and Christian traditions. The meaning of religion in the Indian tradition is fundamentally different from the meaning of religion in the Abrahamic tradition. This is the reason that when Gandhiji talks about Ram-Rajya during the freedom movement, the leadership of Muslim League associates it with Hindu theocratic state. Gandhiji clarifies many times that Ram Rajya does not mean Hindu state but Ram Rajya is a state of justice, love and welfare. An attempt has been made to analyze in this research paper what are the similarities and differences between the traditional Indian political thinking about Ramrajya, such as Tulsidas ji's thinking, Valmiki's thinking and Gandhi ji's thinking.</p> <p><strong>Abstract in Hindi Language:</strong></p> <p>भारतीय राजनीतिक चिंतन में आदर्श राज्य के रूप में राम राज्य की संकल्पना हमेशा से प्रस्तुत की जाती रही है । राम राज्य एक ऐसी व्यवस्था है जिसमें व्यक्तियों को ही नहीं वरन् समस्त प्राणियों को चाहे भी चर हो या अचर हो या फिर समस्त सृष्टि को ही सुख और शांति का जीवन प्राप्त होता है । आदर्श राज्य के रूप में रामराज्य प्लेटो की आदर्श राजनीतिक व्यवस्था से भी बेहतर आदर्श के रूप में भारतीय परंपरा में स्वीकार किया गया है ।&nbsp; अकारण नहीं है महात्मा गांधी भी अपने स्वराज को राम राज्य की संज्ञा देते हैं और राम राज्य के स्वरूप को स्पष्ट करते हैं । राम राज्य के स्वरूप को लेकर भारतीय जन मानस में विशेष रूप से हिंदू जनमानस में एवं कहीं तक मुस्लिम जन मानस में भी यह माना गया है की राम राज्य न्याय का राज्य है। राम राज्य का संबंध धर्मतांत्रिक राज्य से नहीं है जैसा की इस्लामिक एवं इसाई परंपरा में धर्मतांत्रिक राज्य का स्वरूप है । भारतीय परंपरा में&nbsp; धर्म का अर्थ अब्राहमिक&nbsp; परंपरा में धर्म के अर्थ से मौलिक रूप से भिन्न है । यही कारण है कि जब स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन के दौरान गांधी जी राम-राज्य की बात करते हैं तो मुस्लिम लीग का नेतृत्व उसे हिंदू धर्मतांत्रिक राज्य के साथ जोड़ देता है । गांधी जी कई बार स्पष्ट करते हैं कि राम राज्य का अर्थ हिंदू राज्य नहीं है वरन राम-राज्य न्याय का , प्रेम का और कल्याण का राज्य है । रामराज्य के बारे में परंपरागत भारतीय राजनीतिक चिंतन में जैसे तुलसीदास जी के चिंतन में वाल्मीकि की चिंतन में और गांधी जी के चिंतन में क्या समानता एवं भेद है इसे इस शोध पत्र में विश्लेषित करने का प्रयास किया गया है।</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> रामराज्य, सत्य, अहिंसा, आदर्श राज्य, लोकतंत्र, स्वराज, लोक कल्याण</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Role of Youth in Education and its Impact on Development in District Doda, Jammu and Kashmir 2023-09-24T12:26:12-04:00 Gufran Hussain Batt <p>The mountainous region of India has been at the mercy of political turmoil for years, and on-going conflicts have limited access to quality learning environments. Without proper access to education and resources, many of Doda District's youth are unable to reach their fullest potential or even participate in basic levels of development. In this , we're exploring the impact of education on youth and development in Doda District, Jammu and Kashmir. We're going to uncover how lack of education has impacted the region's economic and social growth while examining current initiatives that are creating change. The&nbsp; on the title focuses on how to improve the development and participation of youth in the field of education. There are so many challenges faced by the people in the area in the shape of terrorism that stops the youth’s participation in the system of education and development that is why we need to protect both the development and education so we can get the peace, prosperity, brotherhood, harmony, tolerance and defence. It is the education through which we gain peace that leads to development and awareness of the positivity. The government has also introduced the New Education Policy Model which is a curriculum-based educational programmed for the betterment of children. This programmed focuses on developing the cognitive, physical and social skills of children. The region has also developed a Child Friendly School (CFS) concept, which seeks to provide quality education to children from lower-income families. CFSs are supported by the government and have teachers who are specially trained in early childhood education. Jammu and Kashmir has taken significant steps to ensure that all children have access to quality education. The initiatives mentioned above have helped the state to become one of the leading providers of ECE in India.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Anita Desai’s In Custody: A Thematic Study 2023-09-24T14:14:36-04:00 Kavan R. Patel <p>In Custody, a novel penned in 1984 by the renowned Indian-American author Anita Desai, serves as a significant literary exploration of the quest for identity and existential purpose. Positioned within the contemporary Indian milieu, this work delves profoundly into the intricate themes of identity and linguistic expression, employing the lyrical medium of Urdu poetry as its narrative backdrop. At the narrative's center lies Deven Sharma, the principal protagonist, a reticent Hindi instructor who is presented with a life-altering opportunity when his audacious childhood friend, Murad, extends an offer to interview his revered idol, the venerable and reclusive Urdu poet, Nur Shahjahanabadi. In choosing to accept this proposition, Deven consciously sets aside his own aspirations of emerging as an Urdu poet of note, thus embarking on a journey that brings into focus the deeply entwined themes of identity, linguistic expression, and the intricacies of human relationships. His own life, marked by a loveless marriage and a sense of unspoken discontent that he shares with his wife, is emblematic of the pervasive dissatisfaction that often characterizes human existence.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023 A Descriptive Analysis of Relationship Between Trading Volume and Stock Returns of NIFTY 50 Companies 2023-09-26T09:23:05-04:00 Sarita Rajwanti Sharma <p>The present paper discusses the past behaviour of the selected variables in the study and discusses the descriptive analysis of the collected data in the study from 1st April 2009 to 31st March 2023. This section discusses the relationship between trading volume and stock returns of the stocks (50 companies in the Nifty Index) in Indian stock market by applying Mean, S.D, Kurtosis, Skewness, Jarque Bera and One way Anova.The results of one-way ANOVA concluded that“There exists no significant difference between the average response of the stock returns at different quantiles as a result of trading volume at lag one”. It is concluded that the average response of the stock returns at different quantiles is same at different quantiles. However, the means plot of the stock returns at different quantiles is found to increases with the increase in the quantiles. Thus, it can be concluded in the study that the response of the stock returns is higher at higher quantiles and lower at lower quantiles, however no statistical difference is figured out. The stock returns on the next day is concluded to be higher if the trading volume of the stock is high at a particular day.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2023