Descriptive Study of Night Terror Incidences at Primary Schools (1 6 grades) in Jalalabad City

Vol-6 | Issue-09 | September-2021 | Published Online: 15 September 2021    PDF ( 343 KB )
Naseri Fazal Rahim 1; Kamran Abdulillah 2

1Associate Professor, Neuropsychiatry Department, Medical Faculty, Nangarhar University, Nangarhar, Afghanistan

2Lecturers, Neuropsychiatry Department, Medical Faculty, Nangarhar University, Nangarhar, Afghanistan


Night terrors are unpleasant or frightening dreams that occur sporadically in virtually all children. The peak incidence occurs between 3 and 6 years of age. Developmental, genetic, psychological, and organic factors have been identified as causes of night terrors. Night terrors usually occur in the middle of the night or in the early morning when rapid eye movement sleep is more common. The content of the night terror almost always involves a specific danger to the child. On awakening, the child is fully alert, may be easily calmed or comforted, and cannot recall the details of the night terror. Sporadic night terrors are common in children and require reassurance only. If night terrors are frequent and persistent, a psychological evaluation of the child and family is indicated This study investigated the relationships between a history of childhood maltreatment, the frequency of disturbing dreams, their associated distress, and the presence of psychopathology. Participants completed questionnaires assessing dream recall, bad dream and night terror frequency, night terror distress, psychological well-being, and history of childhood trauma. Women reporting more severe forms of maltreatment reported higher frequencies of disturbing dreams, higher levels of night terror distress, and greater psychopathology. Results showed that night terror distress explains frequency of disturbed dreaming beyond the effect of psychopathology and childhood trauma. The results highlight the importance of assessing waking distress associated with disturbing dreams independently from their actual incidence. In 18 schools of Jalalabad city,13 out of them were boys school and 5 of them were girls school , in primary classes(1-6) in 14000 students 9000 out of them were boys and 5000 were girls .1000 persons whom were investigated as a sample 620 were boys and 380 were girls, 730 of them were normal and 270 persons were suspected , after ENT and other examinations 10 of them detected as defective and they removed from research , in remaining 260 persons of whom 180(23,79%) boys and 80(7630%)girls having signs of night terror . 240(92%)of them were having transient sings and 20(69,75)were having permanent signs of Night terror.all patients were between the age of 6-13(average age 9 years )14 persons out of them did medical treatment which was 98% effective and 6 persons (30%)did cultural treatment which was 2% effective.

Sleep, NREM Sleep, REM Sleep, night terror, insomnia, Hypersomnia
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