Spatial Pattern of Industrial Concentration in Haryana

Vol-4 | Issue-03 | March 2019 | Published Online: 13 March 2019    PDF ( 495 KB )
Author(s)
Manisha 1

1Ph.D (Research Scholar) Geography Department, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak (India)

Abstract

Industrial concentration means the location of a few, well-defined industrial sectors in a region (Brakman, Garretsen, &Marrevijk, 2001). Industrial concentration plays an important role in the economic development of a region because it influences the economic opportunities available in the region. There are some factors like availability of specific resources, proximity to consumer markets, infrastructure facilities and location which influenced the industrial concentration in an area or region.The present study intends to analyse the industrial concentration in Haryanaover the period 2011-12 to 2016-17. Thepattern of industrial concentration has been examined by Location Quotient (LQ) method. The study found that there are disparities in the industrial concentration while the industrial sector is continuously increased in the state. After the analysis it reveals that the industrial concentration is high to moderate in the eastern and northern part of the state on the other hand it is low to very low in the western and southern most part of the state except Gurugram and Faridabad districts. There are changes occurred in the industrial concentration during the period 2011-12 to 2016-17 in the state. Jhajjar and Sonipat both districts has shift from moderate to high category of industrial concentration during the period. The reasons responsible for that are location factor, infrastructure facilities, included in NCR region.

Keywords
Industrial Concentration, Location Quotient, Spatial Pattern, disparities, Haryana
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